Thursday, March 1, 2007

On March 1, ...

... 1981, Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Belfast prison known to the British as the Maze, to the Irish as Long Kesh. He would die 65 days later, after having been elected to the British Parliament and after Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher refused to meet Irish Republican Army demands for political status. Sands was 1 of 10 Irish hunger strikers to die in the British prison that year.
... 1999, the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction entered into force, having secured the requisite 40 ratifications. Today there are 153 states parties; the United States is not among them.
... 2005, in Roper v. Simmons, the U.S. Supreme Court discussed international norms in the course of holding 5-4 that execution of persons who were under 18 when they committed murder constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the 8th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

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