... 1645, Françoise Marie Jacquelin de La Tour (pictured), who for 3 days had commanded forces defending Fort La Tour while her husband was away, surrendered to troops led by Charles Menou d'Aulnay. The battle was part of a long struggle for control of what then was called Acadia and now is New Brunswick, Canada. Weeks later, Mme de La Tour died of uncertain causes, after having watched the hangings of men who had fought for her. A military website says: "This brave and determined woman was one of Canada’s first heroines as well as the first European woman to raise a family in present-day New Brunswick."
... 1919, approximately 400 persons were killed and 1,200 wounded when British troops opened fire on a demonstration by 10,000 unarmed women, children, and men at Amritsar in the Punjab region of then-British-ruled India. In December 1997 England's Queen Elizabeth II placed a memorial wreath at Amritsar but stopped short of making a full apology, a move that drew mixed responses.