... 1906, Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner (left), an author and peace activist, delivered her Nobel Lecture, "The Evolution of the Peace Movement," after becoming the 1st woman to receive the then-5-year-old Peace Prize.
... 1951, U.S. Rep. Gwen Moore (D-Wis.) was born in Racine, Wis.
... 1980, Zimbabwe gained independence following the ouster of the minority government that had called the country Rhodesia. Its 1st prime minister: Robert Mugabe, who eventually became president and continues to control the country. His critics may be found in the West, among African bishops, and in Zimbabwe itself.