...1915, Armenians were seized in the Ottoman capital Constantinople, now known as Istanbul, Turkey, and sent to their deaths, part of a series of massacres. Some officials, among them Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm, have acknowledged this as Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day. The politics surrounding whether U.S. President George W. Bush will follow suit is explored here.
... 1916, some 1,600 nationalists occupied sites in Dublin, the capital city of an Ireland then fully under British rule. After days of fighting, the rebels of this Easter Rising were defeated; Britain executed 15 leaders by firing squad. Second in command of 1 rebel group was Countess Constance Markievicz, pictured in the uniform of the auxiliary she headed, Cumann na mBan, Gaelic for "League of Women." A daughter of the Anglo-Irish Protestant ascendancy who had married a Polish count, Markievicz was the only woman court-martialed for her involvement in the rising. She received a death sentence, but it was commuted "solely and only on account of her sex"; she served just over a year in jail.