Thursday, May 3, 2007

On May 3, ...

... 1948, in Shelley v. Kraemer, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment to the Constitution forbade covenants that prevented white property owners from selling their homes to blacks. Indicative of the prevalence of the practice at the time, 3 Justices recused for the reason that their own homes were encumbered by such covenants. Arguing the case for petitioners was NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall (right), who would go on to serve as a member of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, as Solicitor General of the United States, and as Justice of the Supreme Court, this last from 1967-91.
... 1945, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East began what would be 2-1/2 years of trials of Japanese persons charged with war crimes in World War II. The classic account of these proceedings is Richard H. Minear's Victors' Justice; a recent study is "Beyond the Geneva Conventions: Lessons from the Tokyo Tribunal in Prosecuting War and Terrorism," by our colleague, Allison Marston Danner.

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