... 2006, a document titled "Darfur Peace Agreement" was signed in Abuja, Nigeria, by the government of Sudan and the largest group engaged in rebellion against the government. But another rebel group never joined. The conflict continues; an estimated 200,000 Darfurians have died and another 2.5 million are homeless. as detailed here. Meanwhile, a Pre-Trial Chamber of the International Criminal Court (comprising Judges Akua Kuenyehia, Claude Jorda, and Sylvia Steiner) has just approved the prosecution's bid to arrest a Sudanese official and militia leader suspected of responsibility for the tragedy.
... 1949, the Treaty of London was signed by Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. It established the Council of Europe, an intergovernmental organization that has grown from an original 10 to a current total 46 member states, spanning the map from Portugal to Russia, Iceland to Azerbaijan.
... 1862, "5,000 ill-equipped Mestizo and Zapotec Indians" repelled a French army led by Napoleon III at Puebla, about 100 miles from Mexico City. The event is the occasion for fiestas de Cinco de Mayo.