Monday, July 23, 2007

On July 24, ...

... 1929, the Treaty Providing for the Renunciation of War As an Instrument of National Policy entered into force. Also called the Pact of Paris, the city where it'd been signed the year before, the treaty is known commonly as the Kellogg-Briand Pact in recognition of 2 Nobel Peace Prizewinning diplomats who spearheaded it: French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand and U.S. Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg. The treaty expressed an ideal of pacifism, beginning with Article I, which stated,
The high contracting parties solemnly declare in the names of their respective peoples that they condemn recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, and renounce it as an instrument of national policy in their relations with one another.
Nominally the treaty remains in effect notwithstanding the failure of its high sentiments to deter armed conflicts.
... 1953, U.S. Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.), a member of the Veterans Affairs Committee, was born in Rolla, Missouri.

3 comments:

Judith Weingarten said...

I had almost forgotten Kellogg-Briand. Which countries actually signed the pact?

And can we sue Bush for breaching this treaty? :-)

Judith

Visit Zenobia's blog: Empress of the East

Diane Marie said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Grace O'Malley said...

This State Department document (http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/38569.pdf) indicates that quite a few countries are states parties, either as charter member states or as later add-ons. The Pact did provide the legal basis for the crime against peace contained in the London Charter of 1945 establishing the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, and former Nazis were convicted of this crime, now known as the crime of aggression. The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court permits prosecution for aggression, but only after that crime is further defined; it has not been sufficiently defined to date.