Monday, August 27, 2007

On August 27, ...

... 1875, Katharine Dexter McCormick (right) was born in Dexter, Michigan. In 1904 she earned a bachelor of science degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the 1st woman ever to be graduated from that institution. After marriage to an heir of the International Harvester Co. fortune foundered when he developed schizophrenia, she devoted herself to women's issues, becoming a leader in the National American Woman Suffrage Association and the League of Women Voters. She campaigned for better and more widely available methods of contraception, and smuggled diaphragms from Britain to be used in the clinic of fellow campaigner Margaret Sanger. "[O]nce described as 'rich as Croesus,'" McCormick funded research that led to development of The Pill. Of McCormick and Sanger the Global Campaign for Microbicides writes:
No less than five men have been heralded by historians as the "father" of the modern birth control pill. In reality, it was two women who had both the foresight and the determination to transform women's sexual lives.
... 1991, the European Community recognized Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania as independent nation-states.

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