... 1788, Nicole-Reine Lepaute (left), 66, died in the French town of St. Cloud, just to the west of Paris. An accomplished astronomer and mathematician, she was a rarity among the women of her time. Her achievements included calculating the time of a solar eclipse and the return of Halley's Comet.
... 1999, Georges Rutaganda, leader of Rwanda's Interahamwe militia, was convicted of genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity, and sentenced to life in prison, by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda for his part in the mass killings in that country in 1994. In affirming that judgment in 2003, the Appeals Chamber additionally convicted him of violating Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions.