... 1919, the 18th amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. Prohibiting within 1 year "the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes," the amendment marked the culmination of a temperance movement that had been waged, often as a "Women's Crusade," for decades. The measure would be repealed in the early 1930s, thus bringing to a close a Prohibition Era notable for spurring gangsterism and flouting of laws and, conversely, the rise for the 1st time of federal law enforcement agencies engaged in transnational pursuit of offenders.
... 1981, as she went to awaken 1 of her 3 children at their home in Coalisland, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, rights activist and former Member of Parliament Bernadette Devlin McAliskey was shot in the chest, arm and thigh by armed gunmen. Depicted at right on a mural in Derry, the city in the North's northwest corner, Devlin had been the youngest-ever woman MP when elected in 1969. (image credit)