Saturday, January 19, 2008

On January 19, ...

... 1943, the Netherlands' Crown Princess Juliana gave birth to a daughter, Princess Margriet, in a hospital room that had been declared Dutch territory though it was located in Ottawa, Canada. The birth occurred during the Dutch royal family's exile in Canada during World War II. Soon after the war ended, in 1948, Juliana became Netherlands' queen; today Margriet's eldest sister, Queen Beatrix I, reigns. The Canadian Broadcasting Co. says of the arrival of Margriet, shown in the family photo at right as an infant in her mother's arms: "The first royal baby to ever be born in North America, the historic birth helped forge a bond between Canada and the Netherlands that endures to this day."
... 1946, the Charter for the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, which would try Japanese persons accused of war crimes during World War II, was adopted. A comparison of this Tokyo Charter to that of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg is set forth in this excerpt from War Crimes Against Women: Prosecution in International War Crimes Tribunals (1997), by IntLawGrrl Kelly Askin.

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