Monday, March 31, 2008

On this day

On March 31, ...
... 2005, the U.N. Security Council referred "the situation in Darfur since 1 July 2002 to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court." In its Resolution 1593, the Council acted pursuant to coercive powers granted it in Chapter VII of the U.N. Charter. As posted here, here, here and here, the prosecution's named suspects it believes responsible for international crimes in that region of Sudan, but Sudan's government so far has refused to hand them over to the ICC. Earlier this month former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan questioned whether all in the international community "have yet fully lived up to" their "responsibility -- notably in Darfur." (credit for photo above of Security Council meeting room)
... 2004, the International Court of Justice, in Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. United States), ruled that the United States had violated the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations by failing to inform noncitizen detainees of their right to contact their consulate. The ICJ called upon the United States to provide review and reconsideration of capital convictions and sentences at issue, as our colleague William Aceves explained in an ASIL Insight. Last week the U.S. Supreme Court decided a case arising out of the Avena matter -- Medellín v. Texas, about which we've posted here, here, here, and here --adversely to defendant/respondent. Our colleagues at Opinio Juris, and their assorted guests, produced an "insta-symposium"; hope to comment more here after digesting the 44-page judgment. credit here for above left photo of ICJ courtroom and here for photo at right of Supreme Court's courtroom)

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