Thursday, July 17, 2008

On July 17

On this day in ...
... 1998 (10 years ago today), in Italy, at the headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, delegates to a Conference of Plenipotentiaries voted to adopt the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. As I've written here and here, the statute was approved by an overwhelming margin of 120 to 7, plus a number of abstentions. Despite particularly vocal opposition from the United States, the statute rapidly attained the necessary 60 ratifications, and so entered into force on July 1, 2002. Earlier this week, Suriname became the 107th state party to the ICC treaty. No trial yet has commenced; however, matters are pending with respect to conflicts in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, and Sudan. The last matter was made possible when the 3 permanent members of the U.N. Security Council that do not belong to the ICC treaty regime -- not only the United States, but also China and Russia -- refrained from vetoing the 2005 referral of the matter, which pertains specifically to Sudan's Darfur region.
... 1944, napalm was used for the 1st time as a weapon of war. It was dropped by U.S. Army planes onto a fuel depot in St. Lô, France, during World War II. The frequent use of the incendiary chemical in conflicts since then is detailed here. (credit for photo of U.S. riverboat using napalm during Vietnam War)


Deborah said...

Happy TEN years girrrls! I´m writing to add a hint of pink to the story with some backstage information on that 107th state party Suriname, which actually has been made possible by a girrl: Dr. Ruth Wijdenbosch, MP, Chair of the Foreign Affairs and Defence Committee´s at the National Assembly of Suriname, a small, dutch speaking country in the middle of the American Continent.Her position against the signing of a Non Surrender agreement with the US, and the multi-party mobilization she led in her parliament, made possible to resist the pressures of the US and have that 107 in today´s 10 cake.
During the 80´s Ruth was the Convenor for the President on Human Rights Issues and was the special liaison officer for the President with the families of the murdered persons in December 8 1982. Later on she entered into politics to assist her country in restoring the democracy and the rule of law in 1987 (after the military dictatorship 1980-1987)...
See more here:
with best regards, Deborah
ps. small correction, the referral by the SC of the situation in Darfur to the Court was in 2005 not 2004.The resolution linked to your post is an earlier resolution on the conflict. The one you are talking about where the Algeria, Brazil, China and the US abstained is Res 1395 (2005)
ps2. Brazil, who was presiding the Council, abstained because inter alia refused to some restrictions in the resolution imposed by the US to the jurisdiction of the ICC, such as a preambular para. mentioning the so called article 98 agreement and operative paras. 6 and 7.

Diane Marie Amann said...

Dear Deborah,
Many thanks for all this wonderful information. We will add Dr. Wijdenbosch to our 'Grrls list.
And thanks too for the referral correction. I've changed the date and linked to the correct Security Council resolution, thanks to your help.