... 1942, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands became the 1st reigning queen to address Congress. The Dutch monarch (right), who had been living in exile in Britain since Nazi Germany overtook her country in 1940, declared to a joint session of the U.S. legislature that although her people
'see their families go without what they most need in food and clothing, their workers enslaved by the oppressor, ... "No Surrender" remains their constant motto.'
... 1990, acting pursuant to Chapter VII of the U.N. Charter in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, the Security Council adopted Resolution 661, which imposed an embargo against Iraq and Kuwait. It thus forbade U.N. member states from "the import into their territories of all commodities and products originating in Iraq or Kuwait," as well as transactions between member states' nationals and those 2 countries. (map credit)