Saturday, June 13, 2009

On June 13

On this day in ...
1966, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Miranda v. Arizona that police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them. Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote in his opinion for the Court:

In the absence of other effective measures, the following procedures to safeguard the Fifth Amendment privilege must be observed: the person in custody must, prior to interrogation, be clearly informed that he has the right to remain silent, and that anything he says will be used against him in court; he must be clearly informed that he has the right to consult with a lawyer and to have the lawyer with him during interrogation, and that, if he is indigent, a lawyer will be appointed to represent him.
This section of the opinion has evolved into what's known as the Miranda warnings. developed to protect the individual's Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination." (credit for photo of law enforcement file on petitioner Ernesto Miranda)
1944 (65 years ago today), U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (below left) was born in Korea. The 8th Secretary-General, Ban succeeded Kofi Annan on January 1, 2007. (photo credit) Ban's official priorities are development, climate change, human rights, U.N. reform, ending the Darfur conflict, attaining peace in the Middle East, ending nuclear proliferation and increasing disarmament. He has specifically addressed the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, condemning recent violence in the Gaza Strip. As we've posted, he has called for an end to violence against women.

(Prior June 13 posts are here and here.)

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