... 2005 (5 years ago today), a day that was the 60th anniversary of the entry into force of the U.N. Charter (today is the 65th anniversary), the U.N. General Assembly approved Resolution 60/1, World Summit Outcome. Its nearly 200 paragraphs reaffirmed many aspects of the United Nation's mission, including the U.N. Millennium Development Goals adopted a few years earlier. Paragraph 138 of the World Summit Outcome resolution stated:
Each individual State has the responsibility to protect its populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. This responsibility entails the prevention of such crimes, including their incitement, through appropriate and necessary means. We accept that responsibility and will act in accordance with it. The international community should, as appropriate, encourage and help States to exercise this responsibility and support the United Nations in establishing an early warning capability.As we've posted, the meaning and consequences of this "responsibility to protect" paragraph remain a subject of global debate.
(Prior October 24 posts are here, here, and here.)