Wednesday, December 15, 2010

Breaking News: ICC Kenya Indictments Announced

As expected, Prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo today requested under Article 58 that the International Criminal Court issue summons to appear to six Kenyans in connection with his proprio motu investigation into post-election violence in Kenya. We've blogged about this and other issues involving transitional justice in Kenya here, here, here, and here. The six individuals to be prosecuted in two cases are:
1. William Samoei Ruto (left) who is the suspended Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology and a member of Parliament for Eldoret, one of the places hardest hit by the violence. He was a supporter of Raila Odinga, Kenya's Prime Minister.
2. Henry Kiprono Kosgey is the Minister of Industrialization and a MP for Tinderet Constituency. He is former chair of the orange Democratic Movement (ODM), Odinga's party.
3. Joshua Arap Sang (right) is currently Head of Operations of and a commentator on a Kenyan radio station. He was accused of inciting violence after the elections.
The highly-redacted Article 58 Applications for the Odinga supporters is available here.
4. Francis Kirimi Muthaura (below right, addressing Kofi Annan) is Head of the Public Service and Secretary to the Cabinet and Chairman of the National Security Advisory Committee and a Kibaki supporter. He is accused of authorizing the police to use excessive force against ODM supporters.
5. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta is currently the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance and Chair of the KANU party. He is the son of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president.
6. Mohamed Hussein Ali is Chief Executive of the Postal Corporation of Kenya and was Commissioner of the Kenya Police in the post-election period.
The equally-redacted Article 58 Application for the Party of National Unity supporters is available here. The crimes against humanity to be charged include murder, torture, persecution, and deportation.
The full Press Release is here and a video of the press conference is here. All suspects have apparently been on television stating they would cooperate with the ICC, although many of have publicly discredited the investigation.
In response to the Applications, President Obama issued the following statement:
Today, as the International Criminal Court announces the names of six suspects alleged to have participated in the post-election violence that threatened to tear Kenya apart three years ago, I encourage all Kenyans take a moment to reflect on the tremendous progress their country has made since those dark days. Together, you have been working to reconcile your communities, to reform your institutions to better serve the public good, and to put your country on a path to lasting peace and prosperity. Kenya is turning a page in its history, moving away from impunity and divisionism toward an era of accountability and equal opportunity. The path ahead is not easy, but I believe that the Kenyan people have the courage and resolve to reject those who would drag the country back into the past and rob Kenyans of the singular opportunity that is before them to realize the country's vast potential.

In pursuit of these goals, I urge all of Kenya's leaders, and the people whom they serve, to cooperate fully with the ICC investigation and remain focused on implementation of the reform agenda and the future of your nation. Those found responsible will be held accountable for their crimes as individuals. No community should be singled out for shame or held collectively responsible. Let the accused carry their own burdens - and let us keep in mind that under the ICC process they are innocent until proven guilty. As you move forward, Kenyans can count on the United States as a friend and partner.

Hear, hear.

1 comment:

Kathleen A. Doty said...

Great statement by Obama!