Saturday, February 26, 2011

Libya: Global Condemnations of Human Rights Violations

As the World Watches...
As posted here by IntLawGrrls Diane Marie Amann and Jaya Ramji-Nogales, human rights abuses against Libyan civilians include indiscriminate use of force, killings, forced disappearances, and violations of the rights to freedom of thought, conscience, opinion, peaceful assembly, and access to information. (Pictured, flag displayed by protesters and diplomats that have denounced the current government.) The reported violations have outraged observers around the world. This, despite a virtual communications blackout that has made monitoring events in Tripoli and other parts of the country difficult.
The United Nations Security Council meets today to discuss the potential imposition of sanctions under UN Charter Chapter VII authority.
Condemnations of Colonel Moammar Gaddafi's actions have included those from diplomats previously associated with his government.
A selected list of international statements and developments appears below.
The world is watching, but the people of the world must do more than watch. They must also insist that their leaders take appropriate joint actions to end the killings and other abuses.
UN Condemnations
►“Libya: Gaddafi in Spotlight at UN Security Council,” BBC News, 26 February 2011
“UN Resolution on Libya ‘possible’ on Saturday, Security Council President,” Xinhua, February 26, 2011
“Ban Calls on UN Security Council to Consider Immediate Steps to Stop Killings in Libya,” 25 February 2011
"UN Human Rights Council Recommends Suspension of Libya," UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 25 February 2011
“15th Special Session on the situation of human rights in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya” Human Rights Council, 25 February 2011 (links to statements by High Commissioner Navi Pillay, a statement on behalf of all “special procedures” mandate-holders, statements by member countries, and civil society, and Human Rights Council resolution calling for the suspension of Libya from membership on the Council)
Regional Condemnations
“AU Peace and Security Council on the Situation in Libya,”, 24 February 2011
►Josh Rogin, “Over 200 Arab Groups Call for Libya No-fly Zone,” The Cable, Friday, February 25, 2011 (includes full texts of statements by prominent Arab intellectuals and by NGOs)
“Request for Provisional Measures to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights” INTERIGHTS, 24 February 2011
(joint request by Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, Human Rights Watch, and INTERIGHTS)
Condemnations by Libyan Diplomats
“UN Ambassador’s Tears for Libya,” BBC News, 26 February 2011 (UN Ambassador Mohamed Shalgham’s denunciation of the government’s use of force against civilians and request for Security Council action.)
“Libyan Arab League delegation renounces Gaddafi,” Reuters, 25 February 2011
Legal Standards
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Homepage, UN Office of the High Commission for Human Rights
(listing Libya's international human rights obligations under treaty law and customary international law)
“Responsibility to Protect,” UN General Assembly Resolution A/RES/63/309, 4 September 2009 (International Coalition ofn the Responsibility to Protect webpage) (link to resolution and history of UN efforts to ennumerate the responsibilities of the international community when states fail to protect civilians within their borders or affirmatively harm them.)
News Updates
Live: Libya Revolt, BBC News (continuously updated page, visited 26 February 2011).

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