... 1948, the American Treaty on Pacific Settlement was signed during a meeting of the Organization of American States in Colombia. Also known as the Pact of Bogota on account of the city where it was signed, the treaty reaffirmed the commitment of countries in the Americas -- a commitment made a few years earlier via the U.N. Charter -- to
refrain from the threat or the use of force, or from any other means of coercion for the settlement of their controversies, and to have recourse at all times to pacific procedures.
It contemplated means such as arbitration or resort to the International Court of Justice in order to effect this pledge. Today the treaty has 15 states parties, the United States of America not among them.
(Prior April 30 posts are here, here, here, and here.)