... 1904, was appointed an international commission to investigate abuses on rubber plantations controlled by Belgium's King Leopold II in what then was called Congo Free State (flag at right). (credit) According to this website,
The commission revealed that the Congolese were victims of a slave labor system and other human rights abuses. The king instituted certain reforms, but these proved ineffective. As a result, in 1908 the Belgian parliament voted to annex the Congo Free State, making it a colony that became known as the Belgian Congo. While the most unfair labor practices were eliminated, most Congolese people fared little better under the new administration.
(Prior July 24 posts are here, here, here, and here.)