... 1961 (50 years ago today), in an address televised from the Oval Office of the White House (right), President John F. Kennedy declared:
[O]ur presence in West Berlin and our access thereto cannot be ended by an act of the Soviet Government. The NATO shield was long ago extended to cover West Berlin and we have given our word that an attack upon that city would be regarded as an attack upon us all.
(photo credit) Two days later Kennedy's Secretary of State, Dean Rusk (namesake of the University of Georgia School of Law Center where this 'Grrl's now officed), took a somewhat different tack, stating "that the United States and its allies would try 'to find opportunities for a peaceful adjustment' of the Berlin crisis." The crisis -- essentially, a new Cold War struggle for control of postwar Berlin and Germany -- would persist through the autumn.
(Prior July 25 posts are here, here, here, and here.)