Saturday, December 10, 2011

On December 10

On this day in ...
... 1961 (50 years ago today), the President of the African National Congress, Albert Lutuli, accepted the Nobel Peace Prize for 1960. The ceremony at the University of Oslo, Norway, "saw some 'firsts.'" It was the 1st time a laureate's spouse -- Lutuli's wife, Nokukhanya Bhengu -- was invited to the platform. And it was also the 1st time that a laureate sang -- in Zulu, the anthem Nkosi Sikelel iAfrika. In his Nobel lecture, the 62-year-old activist and advocate of nonviolence recounted government-committed massacres like that in Sharpeville on March 1960 (prior IntLawGrrls posts here and here). Lutuli derided South Africa's apartheid regime as a "a hangover from the dark past of mankind," and urged all of

'Africa to cast her eyes beyond the past and to some extent the present, with their woes and tribulations, trials and failures, and some successes, and see herself an emerging continent, bursting to freedom through the shell of centuries of serfdom.'

Afterward, according to the BBC, the Foreign Minister of apartheid South Africa "condemned" the lecture as "'propaganda and incitement in Europe.'" (credit for above right photo of Lutuli, and for photo at left of Bhengu, made at a 1977 ceremony marking 10 years after her husband was killed in a train crash)

(Prior December 10 posts are here, here, here, and here.)

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