Friday, November 2, 2012

On November 2

On this day in ...
... 1917 (95 years ago today), during the reign of King George V, Arthur James Balfour, Britain's Foreign Secretary, wrote Lord Rothschild, "a leader of the Jewish community in Britain," as follows:
'I have much pleasure in conveying to you. on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet:
'His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
'I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.'
In the words of the BBC, the letter, known as the Balfour Declaration, "became an important arm of the movement to create a Jewish state in Palestine." (credit for Israel commemorative stamp)

(Prior November 2 posts are here, here, here, here, and here.)

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